Spatial updating in human parietal cortex
Here, we asked if neurons in the lateral intraparietal area (LIP), an area with visual, oculomotor, and mnemonic connections that serves as a priority map of the environment (Bisley and Goldberg, 2010), also exhibits an environmental memory signal.
Indeed, we found that neurons in LIP did convey an environmental memory signal.
Further, we found that the memory signal could be established even when the probe stimulus never appeared in the receptive field of the neuron, and occurred despite the fact that the monkey made a different saccade to bring the spatial location of the vanished probe stimulus into the receptive field.
These results suggest that LIP has access to a representation of the visual world in at least supraretinal coordinates.
Humans effortlessly establish a gist-like memory of their environment whenever they enter a new place, a memory that can guide action even in the absence of vision.
All neurons in our sample had visual responses to the onset of a saccade target in their receptive fields, and exhibited delay-period and/or presaccadic activity in a memory-guided delayed saccade task.
After monkeys make a number of saccades that bring a task-irrelevant probe stimulus into the receptive field of a visually responsive FEF neuron, many neurons respond on trials when a saccade brings the spatial location of the stimulus into the receptive field, even though the probe stimulus did not appear on the current trial.
However, because the investigators always used the same saccade both to establish and evaluate the memory response, it is not clear if the effect is a true spatial memory or merely a memory of receptive field stimulation associated with a saccade.
Humans, and presumably monkeys, effortlessly establish a gist-like memory of their environment whenever they enter a new place.
They can then use this memory to guide action even in the absence of vision.